The microfinance industry in the Philippines has grown into a $1 billion industry as of 2015. There are currently around 200 banks and 2,000 microfinance institutions (MFIs) in the Philippines servicing millions of microfinance clients. It is estimated that there are 4.24 million borrowers and 4.93 million depositors.
There is a wide range of types of microfinance institutions around the world. In the Philippines, microfinance services are provided mainly by banks (mainly rural and thrift), non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and cooperatives.
The National Framework for regulation encompasses all types of microfinance institutions and the focus of regulation is on portfolio quality, outreach, efficient and sustainable operations, and transparent information.
The basic premise of the framework is that all deposit-taking institutions (banks, cooperatives) are subject to prudential regulation and microfinance NGOs who collect savings greater than the compensating balance should be subject to regulation and supervision.
Banks with microfinance operations are under the regulation and supervision of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP), cooperatives are under the supervision and the regulation of the Cooperative Development Authority (CDA) and microfinance NGOs are regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission.
As of 2012, 154 of the more than 575 rural banks and 21 cooperative banks have microfinance operations or units. The Cooperative Development Authority reports that there are a total of 2,268 credit cooperatives and 14,406 multipurpose cooperatives are registered under their jurisdiction.
Five hundred of the 900 registered NGOs have microfinance operations. However, lending investors and pawnbrokers are the dominant providers of credit among the formal non-bank financial institutions. Lending investors and pawnshops serve the upper tier of the microfinance market.
In 2010, an amendment to circular 694 was approved which recognizes from PhP150,001 to PhP300,000 to still be categorized as a microfinance loan. This was done to accommodate the increasing demand for higher loan amounts from growing microenterprises. This policy increased the scope of those who can be microfinance clients, consequently increasing the potential market.
Sources of information and practical tips on money management
Mga bagay na dapat mong malaman sa insurance
Mga iba pang babasahin tungkol sa insurance:
- Iba’t-ibang klase ng insurance
- Must-have insurance for people in their 30s
- Ang pinakamatatag na insurance company sa Pilipinas (Part 1)
- Ang pinakamatatag na insurance company sa Pilipinas (Part 2)
- Anong insurance dapat mayroon ang mga bata?
- Gusto kong paghandaan ang future ng anak ko, tama bang investment-linked insurance ang kinuha ko?
- Paano gumagana ang ibinabayad na premium sa insurance para mabigyan tayo ng proteksyon sa panahon ng emergency
- Kung akala mo insurance ang education plan, basahin mo ito
- Insurance para sa mahirap
- Bakit mahal ang VUL o investment-linked insurance
Mga bagay na dapat mong iwasan sa insurance
Ito ang listahan ng mga articles na isinulat ko at videos na nagawa ko tungkol sa VUL para makakuha tayo ng mas sulit at mas epektibong insurance coverage.
- Bakit mahal ang VUL?
- Bakit mas maganda ang BTID kaysa VUL?
- Epektibong paggawa ng BTID upang masulit ang pinaghirapang pera sa insurance at investment
- Paanong mas maliit ang fund value sa VUL kaysa sa BTID?
- Ok ba talaga ang VUL kasi protected ka nito beyond 65 years old compared to term?
- Ok ba talaga ang VUL para sa estate taxes?
- Why Not VUL?
- Anong gagawin ko kung may VUL na ako? Paano ko ito ititigil?
- Pagkakaiba ng savings sa VUL
- Mga terms and conditions na kailangang hanapin kung bibili ng VUL
- Paano pumili ng mabuting insurance agent
Different kinds of investments
Preparing for retirement
How are articles on retirement
- 10 Commandments of retirement
- Mga kinakatakutan ng retirees at paano ito paghahandaan
- Magkano ang matatanggap mong SSS pension upon retirement
Watch videos on money management
Get in touch with Sir Vince
Join online groups of Sir Vince
Join Sir Vince blog newsletter