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Investment opportunity: Pantukan Chess Club Cooperative (PCCC)

By September 30, 2019 Investments

PANTUKAN CHESS CLUB CREDIT COOPERATIVE
PARTNER’S APPRAISAL and SUPPORT REQUEST

  1. Project information
Project TitleExpansion of operations
LocationPantukan, Davao de Oro (Compostella Valley)
Name of proponentPantukan Chess Club Credit Cooperative (PCCC)
Head of organizationErnido Malone

General Manager

Partnership start date23 May 2011
Report date02 Oct 2019

 

Reference numberDD-2016-036MFI-2018-021DD-2019-002DD-2019-008
Amount2,000,0006,000,0002,000,0004,500,000
Date released25 Oct 201612 Oct 201826 Feb 201917 May 2019
Maturity25 Oct 201912 Oct 202326 Feb 202117 May 2022
Repayment frequencyQuarterlyQuarterlyQuarterlyQuarterly
Interest rate9%9%9%9%
Outstanding Balance250,0005,100,0001,500,0004,000,000

 

  1. Social enterprise description

Sir Vince with PCCC general manager, Mr. Ernido Malone. Theyve been partners for development since 2003.

Pantukan Chess Club Cooperative (PCCC) is a savings and credit organization located in Pantukan, Davao de Oro (Compostela Valley) created in October 1989. The cooperative envisions itself as a world-class cooperative sustained by empowered members promoting quality of life in the community.

One of its inspiring achievements is its annual asset growth. From an asset of 74 million in 2007, it increased to 460 million in 2018. It’s loan portfolio is PhP338 million that serves approximately 7,000 members.

PCCC is already a longtime partner of SEDPI Development Finance, Inc., the financing arm of SEDPI Group of Social Enterprises. They started the engagement in 2011 and remain to have a good working relationship at present.

SEDPI tapped PCCC to be part of the DAR-MALP Project given the history and the viability of the project in Davao de Oro, a largely agricultural province. After the project orientation and approval by the Board, SEDPI conducted its market research and value chain analysis to assess the financial landscape. This was used as basis to analyze and compare the needs of the market to the current product of the cooperative.

Davao de Oro is well known for its agricultural activities especially on banana and corn production. In fact, 31% of its land area is devoted to agricultural activities and the province is ranked as second largest banana exporter in the country after Davao del Norte.[1]

However, this concentration on banana production is the reason why the province gets their vegetable supply elsewhere. Market research and value chain analysis revealed that most of the vegetables are imported from Davao and Cagayan de Oro. Furthermore, SEDPI also found that there were only a few formal financial institutions that have a customized loan window for agricultural activities.

  • Social enterprise opportunity

The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) defines microfinance as the provision of a broad range of financial services such as deposits, loans, payment services, money transfers and insurance products to the poor and low-income households, for their microenterprises and small businesses, to enable them to raise their income levels and improve their living standards.

Typical microfinance clients are low-income persons that do not have access to formal financial institutions. Microfinance clients are typically self-employed, often household-based entrepreneurs.

In rural areas, they are usually small farmers and fisherfolk as well as others who are engaged in small income-generating activities such as food processing and petty trade. In urban areas, microfinance activities are more diverse and include shopkeepers, service providers, artisans, street vendors, and others.

Financial products of microfinance used to be limited to savings and credit. Several financial services have sprung up in the past decade to address the other financial services needs of microfinance clients like insurance, remittance and even housing services.

The National Strategy for Microfinance envisions a viable and sustainable microfinancial market that will help provide poor households and microentrepreneurs with greater access to microfinance services.

It calls for a greater role for the private sector and the non-participation of government line agencies in the provision of credit and guarantee programs. Emphasis is on the adoption of market oriented financial and credit policies to ensure viability and sustainability.

It is worthy to note that the Philippines closed the gender gap in terms of financial inclusion which is largely attributed to microfinance institutions.

The microfinance industry in the Philippines has grown into a PhP245 billion industry as of the first quarter of 2019.[2] There are currently 159 banks, 2,861 microfinance NGOs and 3,881 credit cooperatives in the Philippines servicing millions of microfinance clients.[3] As of 2014, there are 4.3 million borrowers and 5.1 million depositors.[4]

Registered microenterprises comprise 97% of total registered businesses in the Philippines. Millions more operate in the informal sector and remains unregistered but are integral part of the local economy especially in rural areas.

PCCC is the largest cooperative in Davao de Oro where poverty incidence is 25.8% in 2018[5]. With the strong local economic performance driving the Philippine economy, and low income households actively seeking pro-poor financial services, PCCC could expand its portfolio and ride this momentum.

  • Stakeholders

PCCC supports nearly 7,000 microenterprises in Davao de Oro. These microenterprises enjoy access to credit to support their livelihood and other financial services such as savings, damayan and insurance that allow them to face external shocks better.

Various impact assessments reveal that there is improvement of quality of life of these microenterprises due to the increase in their income. However, it is also noted that it would take more interventions aside from microfinance that would ultimately lift them out of poverty.

PCCC is an active member of the National Confederation of Cooperatives, the largest secondary cooperative in the Philippines. It also supports its partylist arm, Coop-NATCCO to push for legislation that benefit marginalized sectors.

It also actively participates in initiatives of the local government unit. The cooperative also has very active community service programs such as care for the elderly, bloodletting and fun runs.

There are a total of 100 employees in PCCC. In 2018, it was a recipient of the Social Institute for Poverty Alleviation and Governance.

  1. Proposal details

Vision: A world-class cooperative sustained by empowered members promoting quality of life in the community

Mission: To provide quality, accessible, and equitable coop products and services

Objectives:

  • Generate high earnings for the members and the cooperative
  • Satisfy member-customers with equal cooperative products and services
  • Strengthen and enhance existing policies, systems and procedures for efficient delivery of products and services
  • Make the cooperative an inspiring, fulfilling and healthy workplace

To internalize the cooperative ideals as a way of life among members, officers and staff by implementing gender-fair programs to the community

  • Expansion of operations

PCCC intends to increase its portfolio through a two-pronged strategy – increase the number of borrowers and increase the amount it extends to existing borrowers. Based on its development plan, It hopes to bring its number of clients to hit 10,000 by the end of 2021.

Internally mobilized savings from clients and SEDPI line of credit are the two main sources of fueling PCCC’s growth. It’s current credit line is PhP20 million of which, about PhP10 million is outstanding.

 

  1. Social performance management
  • Social performance

The National Baseline Survey on Financial Inclusion reported that 47% of Filipinos borrow money. However, an astounding 72% of them access loans from informal sources – from family, friends and unregistered money lenders.

Only 15 out of a 100 Filipinos can borrow from formal financial institutions. A third of this access loans from MFIs such as PCCC.

PCCC offers low interest rates compared to informal lending sources such as loan sharks and five-six. Clients need not provide collateral as security for the loan and need not submit a lot of documentary requirements or fill out voluminous forms.

Savings and insurance products allows the poor to smoothen consumption and are better able to face external shocks.

  • Environmental performance

Microenterprises have low negative impact on the environment. PCCC also does not support enterprises that have negative effect to the environment.

  • Financial performance
 20142015201620172018
Assets 267M 277M 346M 410M 460M
Net income 14M 14M 12M 15M 21M
Return on asset5.2%5.1%3.9%4.0%4.8%
Operational self sufficiency126%123%124%126%117%
Portfolio at Risk18%26%21%17%16%

 

After a year of an almost stagnant growth in resources in 2015, PCCC has robust growth rates ranging from 12%-25% per annum. In 2016, it experienced a dip in its net income but it has recovered since then growing at 25% and 40% respectively for 2017 and 2018.

Return on assets measures the efficiency of an organization in utilizing its resources to produce profit. The standard for return on assets is a rate higher than inflation. In the past five years, PCCC posted positive return on assets and is a little above the inflation rate which signals positive real growth.

Operational self sufficiency (OSS) measures the ability of an organization’s income streams to cover all expenses. A 100% OSS means that an organization reached breakeven level. The standard for OSS is greater than 120% which means that PCCC was able to surpass the standard in the past five years except for 2018. That year’s OSS is a tad lower than the desired standard.

Portfolio at risk is a portfolio quality measure that shows the likelihood or probability of a loan not to be repaid. The industry standard for portfolio at risk is 5% which represent the total amount of portfolio that may not be collected. The cooperative’s portfolio at risk is high but as can be observed, this high portfolio at risk doesn’t translate to losses nor increase in bad debt.

This means that borrowers get delayed in repaying their loans but will ultimately be able to repay their loans in full. Most agriculture-led economies show this trend since harvest does not precisely match loan terms.

  • Repayment track record
Reference numberDD-2016-036MFI-2018-021DD-2019-002DD-2019-008
Amount2,000,0006,000,0002,000,0004,500,000
Date released25 Oct 201612 Oct 201826 Feb 201917 May 2019
Maturity25 Oct 201912 Oct 202326 Feb 202117 May 2022
Repayment frequencyQuarterlyQuarterlyQuarterlyQuarterly
Interest rate9%9%9%9%
Outstanding Balance250,0005,100,0001,500,0004,000,000

The total loan amount exposed to PCCC as of October 2, 2019 is PhP10,850,000. Since the partnership with SEDPI started, PCCC has consistently paid its loans on time. Aside from the existing loans, PCCC already finished paying off 5 loan agreements since SEDPI lent to it in 2011.

There were no instance that PCCC asked for delay in deposit of post dated checks. It maintained perfect repayments 100% of the time.

  1. Social investment participation
  • Qualifications
TrainingAttended and participated at least one of the training events of SEDPI or Vince Rapisura
MembershipFilled up the online SEDPI membership application form and successfully uploaded government-issued ID in compliance of Know your client (KYC) of the Anti-money laundering act (AMLA)
  • Investment information 
Reference numberDD-2016-036MFI-2018-021DD-2019-002DD-2019-008
Amount2,000,0006,000,0002,000,0004,500,000
Date released25 Oct 201612 Oct 201826 Feb 201917 May 2019
Maturity25 Oct 201912 Oct 202326 Feb 202117 May 2022
Repayment frequencyQuarterlyQuarterlyQuarterlyQuarterly
Interest rate9%9%9%9%
Outstanding Balance250,0005,100,0001,500,0004,000,000

The loans are extended to PCCC without any collateral but with post dated checks as security. SEDPI does not offer any collateral nor guarantee of the investment. Social investors bear the risk.

To participate, you need to enter into a joint venture with SEDPI and it will joint venture contribution certificate. Payouts coming from repayments on principal and interest will be reflected in the social investor’s SEDPI wallet. Once in the SEDPI wallet, the amount no longer earns. Notify SEDPI if you wish to reinvest the amount in the SEDPI wallet.

The interest rate is computed based on diminishing balance method to reflect proper effective interest. In this method, the interest is only charged to the outstanding balance of the loan given a specific period. Sample computation shown in the table below:

DatePrincipalInterestAmt. DueBalance
8/061,000.00
9/06100.0010.00110.00900.00
10/06100.009.00109.00800.00
11/06100.008.00108.00700.00
12/06100.007.00107.00600.00
1/07100.006.00106.00500.00
2/07100.005.00105.00400.00
3/07100.004.00104.00300.00
4/07100.003.00103.00200.00
5/07100.002.00102.00100.00
6/07100.001.00101.000.00
TOTAL1,000.0055.001,055.00 
  • Fees

There is a 3% entry fee to participate in the joint venture. If one intends to contribute PhP100,000, they should deposit additional PhP3,000 for the entry fee and for a total of PhP103,000.

If the joint venture contribution is redeemed or pre-terminated before two years, a 3% exit fee will be charged on the amount to be withdrawn since SEDPI will provide funds to replace the lost capital. For example, if PhP100,000 will be withdrawn, PhP3,000 will be charged to the amount which will mean that the net proceeds will be PhP97,000.

All remittance fees, if any, related to deposit, redemption and pre-termination shall be charged on the account of the social investor.

  • Other conditions

Social investors may only invest in this joint veture to PCCC a maximum of PhP500,000. This is to encourage portfolio diversification and at the same time avoid concentration of portfolio to a few.

SEDPI will provide a digital joint venture contribution certificate as proof to the social investor that can be viewed online. They must also have attended Vince Rapisura’s or SEDPI training events on financial literacy online or classroom setting. 

  1. Procedure
  • New social investors

New social investors can accomplish online application form by visiting SEDPI Social Investments Online. They must apply for SEDPI membership online and will be asked to provide personal information.

All social investors are required to at least elect one beneficiary for the account. The ownership of the investment will be transferred to the beneficiary if something happens to the social investor.

They will also be asked to upload a copy of their government-issued ID in compliance with Know Your Client provision of the Anti Money Laundering Act (AMLA).

Upon successful completion of membership application form, they will receive an email containing login credentials and procedures on how to deposit initial investment.

When deposit is made to SEDPI bank account for the investment, the social investor will log in to SEDPI Social Investments Online and select advice for additional investment where they will input investment details and upload proof of remittance of their deposit.

  • Existing social investors

Existing social investors shall log in to SEDPI Social Investments Online using their credentials and select advice for additional investment where they will input investment details and upload proof of remittance of their deposit.

  • Bank account details

The following are the bank account details of SEDPI.

Account NameSEDPI Development Finance, Inc.

Unit 303 Loyola Heights Condominium, 23 Dela Rosa Street

Loyola Heights, Quezon City

Phone: +63 2 4338795

BankBanco de OroBank of the Philippine Islands
Account #0046900594493081115825
SWIFTBNORPHMMBOPIPHMM
Bank Address768 EDSA, Barangay Pinyahan, Quezon City, PhilippinesKatipunan Avenue, Quezon City

 

[1] Graciadas, Alicia M. Municipalities of Compostela Valley Province. 19 April 2011. 27 April 2015 < http://ecomval.gov.ph/comvalg/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=63&Itemid=95>.

[2] BSP Financial inclusion report, first quarter 2019.

[3] BSP Financial inclusion report, first quarter 2019.

[4] Mix market

[5] Philippine statistics authority

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